Working Bibliography

American Newspaper Directory. New York: Geo. P. Rowell & Co., Publishers, 1900.

Ayers, Edward L. The Promise of the New South: Life after Reconstruction. Reprint edition. New York: Oxford University Press, 1993.

Baptist, Edward E. The Half Has Never Been Told: Slavery and the Making of American Capitalism. Null edition. New York: Basic Books, 2014.

Bartling, Hugh. “The Persistence of the Planned Landscape: The Case of Winter Park, Florida.” Planning Perspectives 22, no. 3 (July 2007): 353–73.

“Black Press Research Collective | Generating Knowledge about the Historical and Contemporary Role of Black Newspapers.” Accessed January 29, 2017.

Blackman, William F. “History of Orange County, Florida.” George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida. Accessed October 4, 2014.

Brennen, Bonnie, and Hanno Hardt, eds. The American Journalism History Reader. 1 edition. New York, NY: Routledge, 2010.

Broadaway, Whitney. “Gus Henderson: Crusading Voice for Voters and Newspaper Pioneer.” Orange County Regional History Center (blog), May 6, 2020.

Bush, Gregory Wallace. White Sand, Black Beach: Civil Rights, Public Space, and Miami’s Virginia Key. Gainesville, FL: University Press of Florida, 2016.

Calhoun, Charles W., ed. The Gilded Age: Perspectives on the Origins of Modern America. 2nd edition. Lanham, Md: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2006.

Cassanello, Robert. To Render Invisible: Jim Crow and Public Life in New South Jacksonville. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2013.

Chambliss, Julian. “Black Quotidian: March 4, 1893.” Black Quotidian: Everyday History in African-American Newspapers, March 4, 2016.

Chase, Loring Augustus. “Winter Park Scrapbook, 1881-1906: Loring Chase Scrapbooks Vol. 02, 1891.” Central Florida Memory. Accessed February 21, 2016.

Clark, James C. Orlando, Florida: A Brief History. The History Press, 2013.

French, Scot. “In Search of St. Lawrence.” Winter Park Magazine, Winter 2018.

Gannon, Michael. The New History of Florida. 1st ed. Gainesville, FL: University Press of Florida, 2012.

Lewis, Earl. “To Turn as on a Pivot: Writing African American into a History of Overlapping Disporas.” American Historical Review 100, no. 3 (June 1995): 765–87.

Livingston, Fairolyn. “A Window on Hannibal Square: A View of Life in Early Westside Winter Park and a Portrait of the Lives and Careers of Walter B. Simpson and Frank R. Israel, the Only Black Men to Every Hold Office in the City of Winter Park, Florida.” Rollins College, 1997.

McGruder, Kevin. “The Black Press During the Civil War.” Opinionator, 1394756115.

Michaeli, Ethan. The Defender: How the Legendary Black Newspaper Changed America. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2016.N.W. Ayer and Son’s American Newspaper Annual. N.W. Ayer and Son, 1908.

Ortiz, Paul. Emancipation Betrayed: The Hidden History of Black Organizing and White Violence in Florida from Reconstruction to the Bloody Election of 1920. 1 edition. University of California Press, 2006.

Rivers, Larry E., and Canter Brown. Laborers in the Vineyard of the Lord: The Beginnings of the AME Church in Florida, 1865-1895. University Press of Florida, 2001.

Roberts, Gene, and Hank Klibanoff. The Race Beat: The Press, the Civil Rights Struggle, and the Awakening of a Nation. 8.5.2007 edition. New York: Vintage, 2007.

Roper, John H. “Origins of the New South Fifty Years Later: The Continuing Influence of a Historical Classic.” Virginia Magazine of History & Biography 112, no. 3 (June 2004): 321–24.

Sula, Chris Alen. “Digital Humanities and Libraries: A Conceptual Model.” Journal of Library Administration 53, no. 1 (January 1, 2013): 10–26.

Vogel, Todd, ed. The Black Press: New Literary and Historical Essays. New Brunswick, N.J: Rutgers University Press, 2001.

Washburn, Patrick S. The African American Newspaper: Voice of Freedom. 1 edition. Evanston, Ill: Northwestern University Press, 2006.

Wilson II, Clint C. Whither the Black Press?: Glorious Past, Uncertain Future. XLIBRIS, 2014.

Winsboro, Irvin D. S. Old South, New South, or Down South? Florida and the Modern Civil Rights Movement. Morgantown, WV: West Virginia University Press, 2009.